Concept Paper on DLP

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Contents

Distance Learning Program

Glossary

  • Distance Learning (DL) started in India as an alternative for those who could not afford to attend Regular Colleges.
  • Learning: The Act, Process, or Experience of Gaining Knowledge or Skill. Knowledge or Skill Obtained/Developed by the Learning Process

Definitions: Distance Learning

  • A method of studying in which lectures are broadcast or lessons are conducted by correspondence, without the student needing to physically attend /be present in a school /college.
  • A way of learning remotely without regular & live physical face-to-face contact with a teacher in the classroom.
  • DL occurs when there is a physical separation between the instructor & the student, usually due to geographical or time concerns that prevent the student from attending an on-campus course.
  • Various terms used to refer to Distance Education (DE)
    • Correspondence Education
    • Independent / Self Study
    • Distributed Learning
    • Flexible Learning
    • Open Learning

New Terms used in Distance Education leveraging New Technology

  • Online Learning
  • e-learning
  • Information & Communication Technology (ICT)
  • Computer-Based Training (CBT)
  • Internet-Based Training (IBT)
  • Web-Based Training (WBT)
  • Hub & Spoke Scheme of DL

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Types of Distance Learning

Synchronous (at the same time) DL Involves Live Communication through one or more of

  • Sitting in a Classroom
  • Chatting Online
  • Tele-conferencing

Asynchronous (not at the same time) DL partakes one or more of

  • A set of Weekly Deadlines
  • Allow students to work at their own pace
  • Students interact more with their peers
  • Correspondence is made through Online Bulletin / Discussion Boards / network Chats

Open Schedule Online Courses is an asynchronous form of learning where students are given

  • More freedom with these courses and content
  • Internet-Based Textbooks, Mailing Lists, Email & Bulletin Boards to complete their coursework
  • A set of deadlines at the beginning of classes but permitted to work at their own pace

Hybrid DL Courses are Synchronous & Asynchronous learning methods where the student is required to

  • Meet at a specific time in a Classroom or Internet Chat Room
  • Complete their assignments on their own time & may pass them through an open Online Forum.

Computer Based DL - Main difference between Computer Based Learning & Hybrid Learning is that students are

  • Not allowed an Open Schedule.
  • Required to meet in a specific Computer Lab / Classroom at a designated time each week

Fixed Time Online DL Courses is the most common type of DL today and are

  • Strictly and completely online
  • Students are required to log-in to their online learning site at a specific time
  • Synchronous because mandatory live chats are often required

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Advantages of DL over a Traditional Learning

  1. Lots of Flexibility: No need to restrict to a rigid schedule
  2. No Commuting: Save Transportation Cost
  3. Many Choices: For Schools /Colleges
  4. Learn while Working: Earning while Learning
  5. Choice: Study more Subjects / Programs that are not available in the neighboring area.
  6. Networking: Online Students enable to make connections with a diverse range of people.
  7. Pace: Students of Distance /Online Learning enable to work at their own speed.
  8. Scheduling: More open & allow students, parents & professionals to take the classes when it fits into.
  9. Money-wise Lowered Costs of Education: Online classes cost less than classroom.
  10. Flexibility in Selection of Professors: Student can select & learn from most prestigious professors & guest speakers in each field.

Disadvantages of DL over a Traditional Learning

  1. Lack of Social Interaction
  2. Format is not ideal for all Learners: Someone needs Motivation & Individual Attention from teacher.
  3. Requires Adaptability to New Technologies: Make sure you feel comfortable working with computers & online programs before you join.
  4. Not all Courses required to complete the Degree may be offered Online: Practical Programs like Nursing aren\’t offered entirely online & similar type of Skill Courses.
  5. DL does not give you direct access to your Instructor: Some students fear the loss of the personal touch with an instructor, such as asking questions after class. However, Distance Learning often gives you an opportunity to email your instructor any time or chat online.
  6. DL requires you to have Constant, Reliable Access to Technology: Students need total access to the equipment necessary for course requirements. E.g., Online Courses require a computer & Internet. For a course with CD /DVD, you must have a multimedia player. Technical requirement may be difficult to meet for some students who may feel challenged if they are not fully computer literate.
  7. DL does not offer immediate Feedback: In a traditional classroom, a student\’s performance can be immediately assessed through questions & informal testing. With Distance Learning, a student has to wait for feedback until the instructor has reviewed their work & responded to it.
  8. DL may not be acknowledged by a Specific Employer: Most employers acknowledge DL, but certain employers do not. Students who want to work for a specific employer upon graduation should be sure of that employer\’s perspective about online education.
  9. DL must be accredited: There is a risk when you pursue DL programs that are not accredited. Check this most IMP factor before you enrolls in a DL Institution because they may be issuing invalid degrees.
  10. DL does not give students the opportunity to work on Oral Communication Skills: Students in DL Courses do not get the practice of Verbal Interaction with Professors & other Students.

INITIATIVE OF DGT: e-Kranti for Vocational Trg. - Hub & Spoke Scheme

India faces the problem of low productivity in the manufacturing sector due to lack of skill training among shop floor workers. Providing the current Industry-Relevant Skill Training to students requires regularly updated syllabus & trainers who are trained in the latest syllabus. However, Primary Objective of DLPs is to increase Training Capacity with the help of technology. MSDE under DGT has setup up DL Infrastructure to provide quality training to both students & trainers.


Objectives of Hub & Spoke

  • Step up Manpower Development by Training the Trainers with latest changes in syllabus thru technology
  • Have a cheaper program to train more number of Trainers & Students without compromising on quality.
  • Satisfy the educational needs of trainers & students by covering large areas of our country.
  • Motivate Trainers & Students by interaction with industry personnel & teachers from best institutes.

Technology Used for Hub & Spoke

2-Way Audio /Video /Data Communication is required for effective training. MOLE selected technologies for DL, Communication over Internet through AVIEW (Software developed by Amrita University http://aview.in ).

Hub & Spoke Model to Train the Trainers

Communication between Hub & Spoke is done over the Internet through AVIEW Technology.

  • Hub: Teacher End contains Studio
  • Spoke: Student End which is the Remote Center

National Coverage

  • 10 CFIs of DGT made as Hubs & 193 Govt ITIs made as Spokes to ensure national coverage
  • The Spokes were chosen based on the number of ITI Students in the state and the area of state.
  • Reliable internet connectivity by BSNL - 2 Mbps has been provided to all the Spokes.
  • The Hubs have joined the prestigious National Knowledge Network (NKN) which is a Pan-India Knowledge Network through strong & reliable connectivity http://nkn.in.

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Planning & Execution

  • Advisory Committee for Distance Learning is constituted by DGET for Conducting & Improving Programs.
  • To streamline DL activities, a few key people are nominated with Roles & Responsibilities as follows -
  • Nodal Officer: Nominated by each State to improve communication between DGET & State.
  • Nodal Officers: Nominated at each Hub & Spoke to execute the Distance Learning Programs
  • Technical Coordinators: Nominated at each Hub &Spoke to handle & operate the equipment.

Kick Starting Pilot Program of DL

For quick starting,in the initial stage the Hubs of 4 NITTTRs at Bhopal, Chandigarh, Chennai & Kolkata along with their Spokes were hired for the Pilot Program. Pilot Program was an excellent learning opportunity for the DGT Staff from the experience of NITTTR Hubs & Spokes. Now DGT has established its own DL infrastructure of the MSDE, DGT and started operational from May 2015 onwards.

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Achievements

2-4 day programs were held on most months using the 4 NITTTRs & Spokes. States & Spokes were chosen depending on the No. of ITI VIs (Govt & Pvt) available in the area. In total, about 18,000 ITI VIs were trained covering 23 States & UTs through DL Programs since June 2014.

Guest Speakers from Industry & Academia

Quality Speakers were chosen by DGT for various trades. Speakers from Industry & Academia will provide Current Industry Relevant Training.

6 Popular Sectors Covered

  • The 1st semester changes were trained to the ITI Instructors through DL Programs from June 2014 – Sept 2014
  • Programs for training trainers in 2nd Semester changes started in Nov 2014.
  • Training programs for the trades under 6 Popular Sectors were held viz.
    • Automobile
    • Production & Mfg
    • Beauty & Wellness
    • Textile & Apparel
    • Construction
    • IT & ITES

High Feedback Rating from the Participants

  • "We now learn without expense & develop our technical competencies" – Ms. Buvaneshwari
  • "DLP is very useful to us. We will impart the training received today to our students so that they learn the latest technology" – Mr. Sankaran, JTO, Fitter
  • "e-learning can be called excellent-learning. It is the best way to learn." – Mr. Palanithangaraj, Salem ITI

KEY FINDINGS (OUTCOMES) OF DL

  • Printed Materials: IMP Component of most DE Courses.
  • 2-Way Technology-Based Communication: Essential feature of DE Delivery.
  • Emails, Internet Chat, & Internet Video-Conferencing: Most cheaper Modes of Communication
  • All DE Courses should incorporate opportunities for Synchronous (Real-Time) Communications.
  • Implementation of Video-Conferencing in DE is IMP due to the development of cheaper Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP).
  • Social Networking Sites: Potential Areas for future development due to their Multi-Faceted Capabilities & Community Orientation.
  • Key Factors should be kept in mind during Course Design:
  • Delivery & Access
  • Control & Interaction
  • Symbolic (or Audio-visual) Characteristics of the Medium
  • Social Presence created by the Medium
  • Teachers must be Flexible, Innovative, & Creative: Because they are dealing with the Distance Learner with different challenges than traditional classrooms.
  • Distance students should be given, support as campus students. Student services for Distance Learner are offered through a "System-Wide Library" or "Help-Desk Functionality" which is often placed on the main page of the DL Site.

Institutions of higher education using one of two primary approaches of DE Programs

  1. Cost Center Model: DE is provided money from a Central Operating Budget.
  2. Profit Center Model: DE must recover all of its costs through Enrollment Revenues.
Supported by
Anil D. Shewale 
Training Officer (MMV / POT) ATIM
(M): 9930251562  (E): adshewale@gmail.com
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